William Baker House
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NOTE: Photos and information on this page are from the South Carolina Department of Archives and History  National Register of Historic Places website at: http://www.nationalregister.sc.gov/calhoun/S10817709001/index.htm

Front view of the William Baker House

Side view of the William Baker House

Right oblique of the William Baker House

Rear view of the William Baker House


The William Baker House is significant as a vernacular version of Classical Revival architecture. The present house, which dates to the late 1820s or early 1830s, was built by William Baker II, or his son William Baker III. The house is situated at a relatively high elevation in the sandhills and provides a view of Columbia, seen across the Congaree River and Congaree Swamp. The two-storied frame structure sits on a high basement, which enables a view of the hand-hewn logs and pegging. This house features a v-crimp metal roof and full-length hipped-roof veranda, surmounted by a center balcony with pediment. A simple balustrade connects the square columns on both levels. Two interior chimneys protrude from the medium pitched gable roof. The front entrance contains a paneled door enclosed by sidelights and a transom; the rear entrance is identical, but without the transom. The interior walls are plastered and feature wainscoting and doors that are marbleized, using the technique of feather-painting. Fireplaces are plain with dentil molding around the mantels. Wide, heart-pine flooring is found in each room. A wooden outbuilding and family cemetery are included in the nominated property. Listed in the National Register March 8, 1978.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.


NOTE: This house was most likely built by either William Baker, Jr. (1778-1816) or his son William Baker III (1800-1822). My guess is the former as the William III was only about 22 years old when he died according to research. William Jr was the father of my great great grandfather, John Jame Jefferson Baker (1814-1896). William Senior and Junior were both very prosperous farmers. J.J.J. Baker married into another prominent family, The Abraham King family, when he married Matilda King on August 1, 1850. J.J.J. and Matilda are buried in the cemetery of Soule's Chapel Methodist Church near the Newberry/Laurens County line. The Baker Family cemetery is located near this house. I want to try and find it when spring comes and take some current color photos.